Generator is one of the most important electricity distribution systems. It works as a backup power generator in case of power outage, so that the various units have continual electricity for use.
Installation considerations for generator
– Location. Consider the wind blowing in and out of the room. Away from dusty environments, chemical, impurities and high humidity.
– Room Layout. Normally it requires approximately 1.5-2 meters space around the generator for maintenance and for the main power supply, oil pipeline, air duct and exhaust pipes area.
– Room Ventilation. It requires good ventilation system to ventilate the room and generators. The air will flow from the rear to the front. There must be vents of the size that suits the size of generator.
– Foundation. It must be able to support the weight of the generator including reaction force caused by vibration of the machine. It should be raised about 10-15 cm from the floor and should be larger than the base of the machine at least 200-400 mm in each side.
– Exhaust pipe installation. Exhuast pipe should be short and fits the size of installation site. It should have minimum amount of elbow pipe. In case of the installation of more than 10 meters, the diameter of the pipe should be increased by depending on the length and the number of elbow pipe used.
Use caution when using generator
– Usage. Do not use generator exceeding the limitation stated in the name plate, whether use in temporary or permanent work. However, for continuous use, generator can sometimes run with 10% overload.
– Voltage. A generator is a part which produces electricity to supply to various electrical equipment. For security purposes, it is not a good idea to assign a person who has insufficient knowledge to operate a generator. In case of any repairment, be aware of the voltage that can be life-threatening due to electric shock. Always check the wiring system and the insulating condition of the wiring.
– Engine exhaust gas. The exhaust gas from the engine should be ventilated while the generator is running. Otherwise, it can be harmful to health.
– Fuel tank. Keep it in a safe place. Avoid refueling while the generator is working. Electrical arcs or sparks can ignite fuel.
– Battery. Be aware of gas that occurs from charging and discharging battery. Monitor the level of distilled water in each cell. Always disconnect the negative terminal of the battery first and connect the battery negative terminal at last in order to avoid the arc or short-circuit while tightening the screw.
– Automatic start engine. In case the generator has the Automatic Transfer Switch as a component that automatically starts the engine and supplies the power of the engin, be careful when starting the engine automatically. To avoid such an event, switch off the control unit and disconnect it from the battery terminal when repairing or checking a generator.
– Repair while running a generator. Be careful of rotating parts or parts running at high speeds. The accident can be fetal or cause a loss of organs.
– The connection of the generator should be done in sequence. First, turn off the engine before connecting the cord. Then, check and turn on the engine. When connecting a power cord that has no connector or secure connector, the circuit breaker should be closed while checking the power cord and open the circuit breaker after that.